One of the areas where we have a problem in India, is that of toilets. This is not something that most guidebooks talk about, but it is an issue. The good part – for the future – is that this is an area that our new Prime Minister has often spoken about.
I do think that the general lack of toilets has created, in Indians, the habit of pissing on the roadside. When I was driving to Vrindavan along the new highway, I noticed that there were people pissing on the roadside. This is despite the fact that the government has actually created stops with some very decent toilets! This, by the way, is the new Yamuna Expressway between Delhi and Agra.
When you travel along the other highways, things change. You can be hard pressed to find a loo, and doing your stuff behind the bushes can be the only solution. Carry bottle of water, and some towels!
I read a book called "Riding The Ranges" by the British author Bill Aitken. He lived most of his life in India, and he recommended carrying along wet wipes when travelling. Good advice, I thought, and now I do that. You can buy Pigeon brand's baby wipes these days, and what the hell?! You need wet wipes! This is essential if you want to do something more than pissing and there is no toilet at hand.
The roadside restaurants or dhabas do have toilets, though I cannot vouch for the level of sanitation. In such situations, papering the cover is recommended.
Even better, and this applies to men and women, if you find an Indian style toilet that is even better. Sure you have to squat on your haunches, but it is good for bowel movement, and is damned near the best way to have a hygienic crap!
Oh, traditional Indian and Chinese toilets are identical!